What is Bullying?

Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Both kids who are bullied and who bully others may have serious, lasting problems.

In order to be considered bullying, the behavior must be aggressive and include:

    An Imbalance of Power: Kids who bully use their power—such as physical strength, access to embarrassing information, or popularity—to control or harm others. Power imbalances can change over time and in different situations, even if they involve the same people.
    Repetition: Bullying behaviors happen more than once or have the potential to happen more than once.

Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose.

Types of Bullying

There are three types of bullying:

    Verbal bullying is saying or writing mean things. Verbal bullying includes:

    Teasing

    Name-calling

    Inappropriate sexual comments

    Taunting

    Threatening to cause harm

    Social bullying, sometimes referred to as relational bullying, involves hurting someone's reputation or relationships. Social bullying includes:

    Leaving someone out on purpose

    Telling other children not to be friends with someone

    Spreading rumors about someone

    Embarrassing someone in public

    Physical bullying involves hurting a person's body or possessions. Physical bullying includes:

    Hitting/kicking/pinching

    Spitting

    Tripping/pushing

    Taking or breaking someone's things

    Making mean or rude hand gestures

Information courtesy of www.stopbullying.gov